Rats and Mice

  • Commensal Rodents (Live a symbiotic life benefitting from association with man with man benefitting from the in any way)
  • Have sharp teeth for gnawing
  • Eat and spoils food
  • Causes fire through gnawing on electrical wires
  • Causes Plague ( a bacterial disease which is deadly)
  • Causes Pneumonic plague (highly contagious)
  • Marine typhus ( a rickettsial disease transmitted to man by fleas of infected feces rubbed into skin)
  • Rickettsial pox is transmitted to human from mice by mites
  • Salmonellosis( bacterial food poisoning)
  • Rat-bite fever ( from rat saliva)
  • Wells Disease (transmitted to man via urine in water and food)
  • Dysentery
  • Poor Vision (3-4 feet). Color blind

House Mice

  • Small mammal (1/2-1 oz)
  • Large ears and eyes
  • Dark gray on the back and light gray on belly
  • Live about 1 year
  • 4-7 pups per litter and 8 litters per year( born blind and weaned 3-4 weeks and sexually mature in 5-8 weeks
  • Nest inside in walls, furniture or utilities and outside
  • Feeding range 10-30 feet mainly at night on cereals,seeds, meats, sweets,candy
  • Nibble at food 20-30 times a night and a little water from food.
  • Very curious (explores new objects)

Norway Rat

  • Stock body, 12-16 oz.
  • Well adapted for cold weather due to coarse fur
  • Blunt Nose, small ears and eyes scaly tail shorter than head and body combined
  • Droppings are capsule shaped ( blunt on at least one end.
  • Live about 1 year
  • 8-12 pups/litter and 4-7 litters/year ( Born blind and weaned in 10-15 days and sexually mature in 3 months. Females can mate 1-2 days after birth)
  • live in colonies (social) and prefer on ground and burrow but will climb
  • Live in barns, granaries, silos, buildings, sewers, dumps and lake or river banks.
  • Feed on garbage, cereal, fish, fruits, meats, animal feed, cockroaches, small mammals and birds at least 1oz a day. Territory is 50-150 feet but can do 300 feet.
  • Active at night
  • Tunnels very extensively with 1 entrance and 1 or 2 escape holes concealed

Roof Rat

Mostly found in the attics of the houses, trees,vines and ceiling voids.

  • Very good climbers but will dig.
  • The tail is longer than the body and head combined.
  • Nose pointed
  • Ears and eyes large
  • Spindle shaped droppings
  • Feeds on fruits, nuts, vegetables and seeds.
  • Can swim

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