Rats and Mice
- Commensal Rodents (Live a symbiotic life benefitting from association with man with man benefitting from the in any way)
- Have sharp teeth for gnawing
- Eat and spoils food
- Causes fire through gnawing on electrical wires
- Causes Plague ( a bacterial disease which is deadly)
- Causes Pneumonic plague (highly contagious)
- Marine typhus ( a rickettsial disease transmitted to man by fleas of infected feces rubbed into skin)
- Rickettsial pox is transmitted to human from mice by mites
- Salmonellosis( bacterial food poisoning)
- Rat-bite fever ( from rat saliva)
- Wells Disease (transmitted to man via urine in water and food)
- Poor Vision (3-4 feet). Color blind
- Small mammal (1/2-1 oz)
- Large ears and eyes
- Dark gray on the back and light gray on belly
- Live about 1 year
- 4-7 pups per litter and 8 litters per year( born blind and weaned 3-4 weeks and sexually mature in 5-8 weeks
- Nest inside in walls, furniture or utilities and outside
- Feeding range 10-30 feet mainly at night on cereals,seeds, meats, sweets,candy
- Nibble at food 20-30 times a night and a little water from food.
- Very curious (explores new objects)
- Stock body, 12-16 oz.
- Well adapted for cold weather due to coarse fur
- Blunt Nose, small ears and eyes scaly tail shorter than head and body combined
- Droppings are capsule shaped ( blunt on at least one end.
- Live about 1 year
- 8-12 pups/litter and 4-7 litters/year ( Born blind and weaned in 10-15 days and sexually mature in 3 months. Females can mate 1-2 days after birth)
- live in colonies (social) and prefer on ground and burrow but will climb
- Live in barns, granaries, silos, buildings, sewers, dumps and lake or river banks.
- Feed on garbage, cereal, fish, fruits, meats, animal feed, cockroaches, small mammals and birds at least 1oz a day. Territory is 50-150 feet but can do 300 feet.
- Active at night
- Tunnels very extensively with 1 entrance and 1 or 2 escape holes concealed
Mostly found in the attics of the houses, trees,vines and ceiling voids.
- Very good climbers but will dig.
- The tail is longer than the body and head combined.
- Nose pointed
- Ears and eyes large
- Spindle shaped droppings
- Feeds on fruits, nuts, vegetables and seeds.
- Can swim